Designed to bridge the gap between theory and practice by equipping the delegates with the theoretical foundations, practical hands on applications, substation operation skills as well as positive work attitude needed to drive effective job performance.

Expected Programme Outcomes:

  • Understanding of the overview of the Power Industry as related to the generation, transmission and distribution sectors
  • Knowledge of the basics and the fundamentals of electrical operations
  • Ability to explain simple basic electrical circuits and perform related circuit problems
  • Ability to operate electrical apparatus, equipment and systems safely
  • Knowledge and understanding of the main components involved with electric power substations and distribution systems
  • Ability to identify the functions of various operating components of an electric power substation, and recognize them by their appearance
  • Knowledge of the various terms and applications involved with substations and the distribution of electric power
  • Knowledge of the Operating activities performed in the substation

Target Audience:

  • Newly Recruited Distribution Substation Operators

Module 1 – 5

Basics of Electrical Operations

  • Introduction to Power Systems
  • Components of Electrical Power System
  • Electron Theory
  • Conductors and Insulators
  • Storage Battery
  • D.C. Circuit with Resistances
  • Magnetism & Electromagnetism
  • Measuring Instruments
  • Standard Protection Code

Electrical Theories, Apparatus & Protection

  • Inductance And Inductive Reactance
  • Capacitance And Capacitive Reactance
  • A.C. Parallel Circuit Containing R, L and C
  • Three Phase Systems
  • Transformers
  • Single Phase Power: Construction; Principles of operation
  • Switches & Circuit Breakers

Energy Audit Measurement

  • Introduction to Energy Audit
  • Energy Measurement
  • Energy Consumption Evaluation
  • Evaluation of ATC&C Losses
  • End-to-End Energy Audit

Substation Equipment

  • Electrical Substation Operations
  • Operating Diagrams
  • Control Circuits
  • Current Carrying Capacities
  • Interlocks: Electrical and Mechanical
  • Schedule Outage

Protection Systems

  • Relay Protection
  • Earthing and Grounding of Electrical Equipment
  • Protection Guarantee


  • Safety Techniques In Substations And Switchyards Operations
  • Fire Safety
  • First Aid